Kamala Harris Is Running for President in 2020. Here’s Where She Stands on 9 Important Issues.
Oct 7, 2019 Al Drago Getty Images Democratic Senator Kamala Harris announced on Martin Luther King Jr. Day that she was joining the already-crowded Democratic primary pool. Harris, 54, was born in Oakland, to immigrant parents; her mother is originally from India, while her father is from Jamaica. After she graduated law school, Harris was a deputy district attorney before serving as the District Attorney of the City and County of San Francisco. She then became the first African-American and the first woman to become California’s Attorney General, a position she held until 2016, when she ran to represent California in the U.S. Senate. She’s California’s first African-American senator, the country’s first South Asian-American senator, and if she secures the Democratic nomination for 2020, she’d be the first African-American woman to be a major party’s nominee for president. Below, ELLE.com breaks down where Harris stands on the nine issues voters cared about most going into the midterm elections. Al Drago Getty Images Health Care Harris has made health care a key part of her platform, writing about her mother’s struggle with colon cancer for The New York Times . In the piece, she talks about her support for the Affordable Care Act and shares how she was one of the first senators to sign onto Sen. Bernie Sanders’ Medicare for All bill that was introduced in 2017. Harris wrote, “I believe that health care should be a right, but the reality is that it is still a privilege in this country. We need that to change.” Then in July, Harris released a more detailed look into her own Medicare for All health care plan. According to her plan, once it’s passed, all Americans would immediately have the ability to buy into Medicare. There would then be a 10-year phase-in period wherein newborns and the uninsured would be automatically enrolled into Medicare while giving others time to transition. She would also allow private insurers to offer Medicare plans as part of this new system, as long as they “adhere to strict Medicare requirements on costs and benefits.” Harris also writes that her Medicare for All plan will expand the program to include other benefits, including expanded mental health care. As a partial way to pay for the plan, Harris writes she would “tax Wall Street stock trades at 0.2%, bond trades at 0.1%, and derivative transactions at 0.002%” and tax “offshore corporate income at the same rate as domestic corporate income.” Find out more about the plan here and here . The Economy Harris has been critical of the Trump economy, saying that while unemployment is low, there are still many American families struggling to stay afloat and that the economy “is not working for working people.” She’s also encouraged workforce training in order to prepare people for the future of automation. In October, Harris announced her “Children’s Agenda,” which includes her proposal to create a national paid leave program that would guarantee up to six months of paid family and medical leave for all American workers, including part-time employees and independent contractors. Through her plan, workers could take leave for serious health conditions, caring for new children, caring for family members with serious health conditions, and addressing any needs stemming from sexual assault or domestic violence. The program would be funded through a “combination of employer and employee payroll contributions and government expenditures paid for by tax increases on the top one percent and big corporations,” according to Harris’ team. Workers making less than $75,000 a year would receive full wage replacement with benefits phasing down for households with higher incomes. Along with paid leave, the agenda also detailed her plan to pass a Child Care for Working Families Act so that families making under 150 percent of state median income would not spend more than 7 percent of their income on child care. Immigration The Senator has been vocally against President Trump’s proposed U.S.-Mexico border wall, calling it a “vanity project.” On The View , she said, “By the way, because I was a prosecutor for many years, including the Attorney General of California, I specialize on trans-national criminal organizations. That wall ain’t gonna stop them.” She’s also supported DREAMers and the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program; in 2017, Harris said she would oppose any end-of-year government spending bills unless Congress acted to protect young people affected by DACA. Before she ever got to D.C., Harris had a long record of immigration work: While working in San Francisco, she started a job training program for ex-convicts that allowed undocumented immigrants to participate. (She has said before that illegal immigration is “a civil violation, not a crime.”) In California, she also helped create legislation that would protect immigrants who reported or testified about crimes from deportation. How Women Are Treated in the U.S. During a speech at the 2017 Women’s March, Harris implored the nation to prioritize women’s issues, which she says include things like the economy, national security, health care, education, criminal justice reform, and climate change. You want to talk about women’s issues? That’s fantastic. Let’s talk about health care, education, climate change, and more. #WomensMarch pic.twitter.com/PhNtH7qlNi — Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) January 21, 2017 She’s also continuously been pro-choice and has been supported by Planned Parenthood. When she was elected to the U.S. Senate, Cecile Richards, then-President of Planned Parenthood, said , “Congratulations to Kamala Harris on her victory. Kamala Harris is a staunch advocate for women’s health and rights. She ran proudly on an agenda to expand access to reproductive health care, and her victory shows that voters demand their elected officials protect women’s health and rights.” In May, she rolled out a proposal that aimed at preventing some state laws that restrict abortion. She pledged that, if elected president, she would create a preclearance requirement for “states and localities with a history of unconstitutionally restricting access to abortion.” The candidate, who also penned an essay on motherhood for ELLE.com, plans to tackle racial disparities in maternal health. “We cannot ignore the Black maternal health crisis that is happening in this country,” Harris told ELLE.com . “Every day we wait and don’t address this issue is another day we allow more mothers to be at risk. This legislation is a critical step toward protecting mothers, and understanding that a healthy mom means a healthier baby, community, and society.” Every woman deserves safe, affordable access to comprehensive reproductive health care — including abortion. — Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) January 27, 2017 Harris has also announced that she has a plan to close the nationwide rape kit backlog during her first term, should she become president. Her proposal would invest $1 billion to allow states to eliminate their backlogs within four years, as well as implement reforms to avoid backlogs in the future. Those reforms include requiring the testing of collected kits in a short time frame and giving victims the right to know the status of their kits. Gun Policy Harris supports a ban on assault weapons and on the sale of high-capacity magazines. While Attorney General, she also introduced a California-wide sweep to seize illegally-owned firearms; more than 1,200 firearms ended up being collected. “There are people in Washington, D.C., supposed leaders,” Harris said in an interview with CNN, “who have failed to have the courage to reject a false choice which suggests you’re either in favor of the second amendment or you want to take everyone’s guns away.” “We need reasonable gun safety laws in this country, starting with universal background checks and a renewal of the assault weapon ban,” she added, “but they have failed to have the courage to act.” While Harris supports the Second Amendment, she also says she supports common-sense safety laws and universal background checks. Arming teachers with guns would make our schools less safe. Instead, we should be arming them with fair wages, school supplies, and the resources they need to educate the next generation. https://t.co/yRWgK5SoCQ — Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) January 7, 2019 Taxes A few months before she announced her intentions to run for president, Harris proposed a plan to give a tax credit to the middle-class, called the LIFT the Middle Class Act . The bill would offer up to $3,000 a year (or $250 a month) to single people, while married couples would get up to $6,000 a year (or $500 a month). The credit would be available to couples that earn under $100,000 a year or singles who earn less than $50,000 a year. (Learn more about it, here .) According to Politico , Harris said about the bill, “We should put money back into the pockets of American families to address rising costs of childcare, housing, tuition and other expenses. Our tax code should reflect our values and instead of more tax breaks for the top 1 percent and corporations, we should be lifting up millions of American families.” Under the Rent Relief Act, anyone who spends more than 30% of their income on rent would be eligible for a federal tax credit. What would you do with that extra money in your pocket? — Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) July 28, 2018 She’s also proposed the Rent Relief Act, which would give a tax credit to certain people who spend more than 30 percent of their income on rent. The bill has been criticized for being favorable to landlords, since people could end up spending even more of their money on rent, and because it doesn’t do anything to address the current supply of housing. (Learn more about the Rent Relief Act, here .) Foreign Affairs In 2018, Harris was one of the Democratic Senators who signed a letter to Trump saying he did not have the authority to order a preemptive strike against North Korea without permission from Congress. She has also criticized Trump’s strategy in the past, saying , “My concern is that we cannot conduct our foreign policy through tweets.” Harris has also been vocal about disagreeing with how Trump decided to withdraw troops from Syria, a move that contributed to the resignation of former Secretary of Defense James Mattis. Last year, Harris also gave an off-the-record speech at the American Israel Public Affairs Committee conference, where she spoke about her support for United States-Israel relations. Income and Wealth Distribution Harris is for a $15/hour minimum wage , saying she believes the minimum wage should be a living wage, and she’s advocated for equal pay between men and women, as well as a federally mandated paid family and sick leave. In an essay for Teen Vogue , she wrote, “Our daughters should not grow up believing that their work is worth less than a man’s. It’s time to end this fundamental unfairness. It’s time to make equal pay a reality for all Americans.” It’s time to make equal pay a reality in America. #EqualPayDay pic.twitter.com/CjdQUQ8yQU — Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) April 10, 2018 In July, Harris also released a detailed plan outlining how she intends to invest in HBCUs and black entrepreneurship. Her plan includes investing $60 billion in STEM education at HBCUs and other MSIs (minority serving institutions). Of that $60 billion, $10 billion would go toward an infrastructure grant program for HBCUs and other MSIs, and $50 billion would go toward a Department of Education fund to help HBCUs and MSIs build up their STEM education. She also wants to work with Congress to create a $12 billion capital grant and technical support program for helping minority small business owners start businesses. In her plan, Harris also wrote that she intends to establish a student loan debt forgiveness program for Pell grant recipients who start businesses that operate for three years within disadvantaged communities. Participants would get up to $20,000 of debt forgiven and would be able to defer all student loans debt-free during a “business-formation period” that can last up to three years. Some people on Twitter were quick to criticize the plan, arguing that it takes a lot of capital to start a business in the first place and that many do not make it three years. Read more about the specifics of Harris’s plan here . Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh’s Confirmation Harris was one of a number of senators who entered the national conversation during the confirmation hearing for Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh, who has been accused of sexual assault and sexual harassment. She released a statement, saying, “When Dr. Christine Blasey Ford came forward with serious and credible allegations of sexual assault, not only was she attacked by Senate Republicans, she was mocked by the President of the United States. The White House then prevented the FBI from investigating critical aspects of the allegations or interviewing key witnesses—not even permitting the FBI to interview Judge Kavanaugh and Dr. Ford.” She continued, “As a former prosecutor, I have led investigations and I have tried these cases in a courtroom. I have spent countless hours with assault survivors. And when I look at what has occurred over these few days, we have fallen short in fulfilling our constitutional duty to fully evaluate Judge Kavanaugh’s nomination. This process has been a disservice to Dr. Ford. This process was a disservice to survivors everywhere. And this process has been a disservice to the American people.” During the confirmation, Harris aggressively questioned Kavanaugh, specifically asking him about special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation and a woman’s right to an abortion . At one point, she asked, “Can you think of any laws that give government the power to make decisions about the male body?” to which Kavanaugh said, “I’m not thinking of any right now, Senator.” She also asked Kavanaugh if he would ask the White House to authorize an FBI investigation into the sexual assault allegations made against him: She ended up voting “no”on his confirmation. And one more thing… Many think Harris will have to reckon with her past record as a prosecutor, district attorney, and attorney general during the 2020 cycle. According to Vox , that very record is mixed: “She pushed for programs that helped people find jobs instead of putting them in prison, but also fought to keep people in prison even after they were proved innocent. She refused to pursue the death penalty against a man who killed a police officer, but also defended California’s death penalty system in court. She implemented training programs to address police officers’ racial biases, but also resisted calls to get her office to investigate certain police shootings.” She’s already begun to address the record, which will surely come up many times over the coming months, saying , “The bottom line is the buck stops with me and I take full responsibility for what my office did. There are cases … where there were folks that made a decision in my office and they had not consulted me and I wish they had.” Madison Feller Madison is a staff writer at ELLE.com, covering news, politics, and culture. Advertisement – Continue Reading Below